top of page


Are you a passionate professional in the field of digital pathology? We invite you to contribute to PathPixel blog and share your valuable insights and expertise.  Join PathPixel in advancing the field of digital pathology and promoting collaboration and knowledge exchange among professionals.

Submit your article today at

Digital pathology is a rapidly growing field that is transforming the way we approach the diagnosis and management of various diseases. In this blog post, we will explore some of the exciting applications of digital pathology. The applications can be divided into four broader categories, Clinical work, Education Research, and Collaboration with Clinical teams.

A. Applications in Clinical work

1. Primary Diagnosis

Digital pathology has several advantages over traditional microscopy, including improved accuracy, faster turnaround time, and reduced costs. Therefore, it is a great tool for the primary diagnosis of pathology specimens in clinical use.

2. Frozen Section Diagnosis

Frozen section diagnosis is a critical component of surgical pathology that allows for rapid intraoperative diagnosis. In remote areas, where access to expert pathologists is limited, digital pathology can play a vital role in improving the accuracy and speed of frozen section diagnosis. By using digital images of frozen sections, pathologists can consult with other experts in real time, improving their ability to make accurate diagnoses.

3. Cytopathology and Hematopathology

The scope of digital pathology also includes screening for various cytological abnormalities, including those associated with cancer. By using digital images of cytology and hematological specimens, pathologists can examine the cells in greater detail, improving their ability to identify abnormal cells and provide timely treatment recommendations.

4. Assessment of Ancillary studies and Biomarkers

By using digital images of stained tissue sections, pathologists can analyze the expression of various proteins and genes, improving their ability to diagnose and classify various diseases. In that context, a platform using digital pathology can be applied for the quantitation of hormone receptors, such as HER2, in breast cancer.

5. Expert Consultation and Second Opinion

Digital pathology is also making it easier for pathologists to consult with other experts in real time, regardless of their location. By using telepathology, pathologists can easily share digital images of tissue specimens with other experts, improving their ability to make accurate diagnoses and provide timely treatment recommendations. This technology is also useful for requesting second opinions, which can improve the accuracy of diagnosis and reduce the risk of diagnostic errors.

6. Remote Working

Pathologists potentially have the advantage of working remotely using digital pathology systems to improve work-life balance and reduce the risk of burnout. Additionally, this technology can make it easier for pathology labs to insource and outsource work, which can improve efficiency and reduce costs.

B: Collaboration with clinical teams

Multidisciplinary Team Tumor Board

Digital pathology is a valuable tool in the multidisciplinary team tumor board. By using digital images of tissue specimens, pathologists can collaborate with other experts, including oncologists, radiologists, and surgeons, to develop personalized treatment plans for cancer patients. This technology is particularly useful in cases where the diagnosis is uncertain, as it allows experts from different disciplines to consult with each other in real time.

C: Research:

1. Validation and Quality Assurance for Clinical Trials Diagnostics

One of the important aspects of any reputed lab is quality assurance and diagnostic validations for clinical trials. By using digital images of tissue specimens, pathologists can ensure that the diagnostic criteria are consistent across different sites, improving the accuracy of diagnosis and reducing the risk of diagnostic errors.

2. Prognostic and Predictive Biomarker Discovery:

Digital pathology with AI is also being used for drug discovery and development. By analyzing digital images of tissue specimens, AI algorithms can identify drug targets and predict the efficacy of various drug candidates. This technology is particularly useful in cases where traditional drug discovery methods have failed, as it can identify new targets and drug candidates that may have been missed.

3. Artificial intelligence (AI) applications

In addition to the above-mentioned applications, digital pathology is used for image analysis and artificial intelligence (AI) applications. Digital pathology with AI is also used for prognostic and predictive biomarker discovery. By analyzing digital images of tissue specimens, AI algorithms can identify biomarkers associated with disease progression and treatment response. This technology has the potential to revolutionize the way we approach personalized medicine and targeted therapies.

D. Education

Digital pathology can enhance the teaching and learning experience for students, educators, and researchers in pathology. Digital pathology enables students to access and view digital slides online from anywhere and at any time. Digital pathology also allows educators to create interactive and engaging online courses and modules incorporating digital slides, quizzes, feedback, and annotations. Digital pathology also ensures that all students have access to the same high-quality slides and resources, regardless of their location or availability of equipment. Digital pathology is a powerful tool that can transform how we teach and learn pathology and can be utilized for continuing medical education in pathology.

In conclusion, digital pathology is a rapidly growing field that is transforming the way we approach the diagnosis and management of various diseases. From frozen section diagnosis in remote areas to AI-based image analysis, this innovative technology has the potential to improve accuracy, speed, and efficiency in pathology, while also advancing research and education in the field.

Blog Author Blog Editor

Trupti Sonawane, MD Nupur Sharma, MD

83 views0 comments

Welcome to PathPixel’s very first blog on digital pathology! Are you a pathologist and wondering how digital pathology can make your life easier? Maybe you’re just curious about what the digital

transformation of pathology will look like, and the future of AI in pathology intrigues you. Well,

whatever the question, we have the answers at Pathpixel. Through a series of blogs, we will attempt to explain the various facets of digital pathology and ways to incorporate them into your work. Let’s start our journey with a basic outline of digital pathology.

Digital pathology is a field that encompasses the acquisition, management, sharing, and interpretation of pathology information in a digital environment. This technology allows pathologists to view high-resolution digital images of tissue or fluid samples on a computer screen rather than through a conventional microscope. Creating these digital images involves capturing the glass slides using a scanning device or microscope camera, which makes an image that can be viewed remotely using specialized digital pathology software applications. In this article, we& will explore the basics of digital pathology and how it is changing how it is practiced.

The history of digital pathology dates back many decades; however, it is only in the past decade that digital pathology has undergone a true digital transformation. In recent years, high-throughput, automated digital pathology scanners have enabled capturing entire glass slides under bright field or fluorescent conditions at a magnification comparable to a microscope. These digital slides can be shared over networks, allowing for remote collaboration and consultation. Additionally, automated image analysis tools can be applied to assist in interpreting and quantifying biomarker expression within tissue sections. The rapid progress of whole slide imaging (WSI) technology and advances in software applications, LIS interfacing, and high-speed networking have fully integrated digital pathology into pathology workflows. Digital pathology enables pathologists to engage, evaluate, and collaborate rapidly and remotely, with transparency and consistency, thus improving efficiency and productivity.

One of the most significant benefits of digital pathology is the ability to view and share samples online. This eliminates the need to ship physical slides and allows for rapid diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Expert pathologists can work from anywhere, and every case can potentially be diagnosed by the leading global authority of its specific variety of disease studies online.

One of the most promising areas in digital pathology is the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) techniques to assist pathologists in making faster and more accurate diagnoses. AI-powered algorithms can be used to analyze digital images of tissue samples and identify abnormalities that may be difficult for even the most experienced pathologist to detect. This can improve the accuracy and consistency of diagnoses, especially in cases with a high degree of variability in interpretation between pathologists.

For example, deep learning algorithms can be trained to recognize patterns in digital slides and identify areas likely to contain cancerous cells. These algorithms can also be used to identify specific biomarkers and quantify their expression levels, which can be useful for predicting patient outcomes and selecting targeted therapies. Additionally, AI can assist in detecting infectious agents in tissue samples, which can be especially important for diagnosing emerging diseases.

The development of AI-powered pathology tools is still in its early stages, but there has already been significant progress in this area. Several companies have developed AI-powered pathology software applications that accurately identify various types of cancer and other diseases. These applications are already being used in clinical settings and are expected to become more widespread in the coming years. While the use of AI in pathology has the potential to improve patient outcomes and increase the efficiency of pathology workflows, it is important to note that it is not intended to replace human pathologists. AI is meant to assist pathologists in making more accurate diagnoses, but a trained medical professional must always make the final decision.

In conclusion, digital pathology is a rapidly advancing field that has the potential to revolutionize the way pathology is practiced. Its benefits include remote collaboration, faster diagnosis, and sharing expertise worldwide. As technology continues to advance, the future of digital pathology could eventually encompass enhanced translational research, computer-aided diagnosis

and personalized medicine.

Team PathPixel is here to collaborate with you and answer questions. If you want to contribute content to our blogs or have queries/feedback, please email us at

Written by

Subramaniam Ramkumar MD

Lab Director & Chief consultant in Histopathology and Cytopathology

KRL Labs Kolkata, India

41 views0 comments

Welcome to PathPixel, where we provide a comprehensive resource for digital pathology solutions. As the founder of PathPixel, I want to share my personal journey that led me to create PathPixel and the passion that drives our work.

As a pathologist, I remember spending countless hours taking photomicrographs with my cell phone during my training years. It was during my fellowship training that I first became fascinated with digital pathology when I worked on a project to digitalize slides for late-night frozen sections for interpretation of renal transplants. The technology and its numerous benefits immediately caught my attention, leading me to pursue a master's degree in health informatics.

It wasn't long after that I got the opportunity to lead a digital pathology project at my first job. Our lab was relocating to a new office, and we had a basement full of slides that needed to be archived. We had one scanner, and we needed to buy another one. That's when I started looking into various scanners, their specifications, image viewers, AI companies, and solutions they had to offer. It was a daunting task, but I was determined to find the best solution for our lab. Throughout my research, I developed a detailed spreadsheet listing all the scanners, their specifications, image viewers, and AI companies.

It became clear to me that if I was facing so many questions and challenges, then surely other pathologists and labs must be experiencing similar issues when transitioning to digital pathology. Fast forward to today, and the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the growth of digital pathology and AI in the pathology world. As a result, numerous companies now offer various types of solutions in digital pathology, each with a large variation in their products. With so many options available, it can be challenging for the implementation team to make informed decisions and find the right solution for their needs.

This is where PathPixel comes in. We provide comprehensive resources to help labs and pathologists navigate the transition to digital pathology. Our website lists various scanners, image viewers, and AI companies, making it easier for pathologists and labs to find the right solution for their needs.

Whether you are very new to digital pathology or already have implemented a digital pathology and looking to add more scanners or solutions, PathPixel ( has various resources.

Various solutions for capturing high-quality digital images of tissue specimens for analysis and diagnosis and enlist various slide scanners, scanning service companies and microscope cameras.

At its core, digital pathology involves converting glass slides into digital images that can be viewed and analyzed using computer software. One of the key challenges in digital pathology is choosing the right scanner to capture high-quality digital images of tissue specimens. With so many options available on the market, finding the right scanner for your lab can be a daunting task. This requires careful consideration of factors such as purpose, throughput, resolution, compatibility, cost, and support and maintenance. PathPixel is here to help you choose a scanner that meets your specific requirements and supports your digital pathology efforts.

If your lab is not ready to invest in a digital pathology scanner, you may still be able to take advantage of digital pathology by outsourcing your slide scanning needs to a reputable scanning service. These services will allow you to obtain digital images of your tissue specimens without the upfront costs of purchasing a scanner. By outsourcing your slide scanning, you can also avoid the ongoing maintenance and support costs associated with owning a scanner. Additionally, many scanning services offer quick turnaround times, enabling you to access digital images of your slides more rapidly than if you were to perform the scanning in-house. While outsourcing slide scanning may incur additional costs, it can be a cost-effective option for labs that are not yet ready to invest in their own digital pathology scanner. PathPixel is here to help you find the right services for your scanning needs.

Microscope cameras are powerful tools that allow pathologists to examine the tiniest of details in both live and static images. These cameras are designed to attach to a microscope and capture high-quality images and videos of specimens, which can then be analyzed on a computer or other devices. Additionally, live microscopes are advanced instruments that offer a real-time view of specimens, enabling pathologists to capture static images or live streaming with or without remote control. Telepathology allows pathologists to view and analyze specimens remotely, enabling faster turnaround times, remote consultation in real-time, enhancing collaboration and knowledge-sharing across geographic boundaries. These tools can be invaluable for pathologists looking to enhance their diagnostic capabilities without investing in a full digital pathology system.

Digital pathology storage solutions range from on-premises storage systems to cloud-based solutions that offer scalable and secure storage options. These solutions provide the ability to store, manage, and access large amounts of data, with features like metadata tagging, search functionality, and access controls to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements. Overall, digital pathology storage solutions offer numerous benefits over traditional storage methods, including increased efficiency, accessibility, and the ability to collaborate and share information real-time. PathPixel will help you to choose the right storage solution that fits your needs

An image management system is a software application designed to manage and store digital images, including those generated by digital pathology scanners. Image management systems are used in pathology to store, retrieve, and analyze digital pathology images, making it easier for pathologists and other healthcare professionals to access and share these images.  Image management systems for digital pathology typically include features such as image annotation, image analysis, and image sharing capabilities. These systems are designed to handle large volumes of high-resolution images, making them ideal for use in digital pathology. At PathPixel you will be able to look at various options to find the one suitable for your Digital Pathology needs.

AI is revolutionizing the field of pathology by providing powerful tools to aid in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment planning. AI tools can analyze large volumes of medical images and patient data to identify patterns and insights that may not be immediately apparent to human clinicians. Some of the most used AI tools in pathology include machine learning algorithms, image analysis techniques, and natural language processing. These tools can be used to assist in tasks such as identifying cancerous cells in tissue specimens, predicting the likelihood of disease recurrence, and analyzing medical imaging data to diagnose and monitor diseases. As AI continues to evolve, it is likely that its impact on pathology will only continue to grow, leading to more accurate and efficient diagnoses, better treatment outcomes, and ultimately, improved patient care. On this page you will be able to see various vendors offering AI solutions.

When selecting monitors, computers, and other hardware for digital pathology, several specifications are essential to ensure the best performance and accuracy. Overall, the specifications required for monitors, computers, and other hardware for digital pathology should be carefully considered to ensure that the hardware can handle the large and complex image files required for accurate tissue analysis.

But we're not stopping there. We're also creating an educational blog to dive deeper into the subject of digital pathology, from basic concepts to advanced. We want to share our knowledge and passion for digital pathology, helping more labs and pathologists benefit from this technology.

Thank you for joining us on this journey. We are excited to be a part of the digital pathology community and to contribute to its growth and development.

Founder and Blog Author

Snehal Sonawane, MD

30 views0 comments
bottom of page